As we know, DevOps has now become the de facto answer to fixing the enterprise application development challenges like slow development, silos, and dysfunctional outputs. But, when it comes to SF DevOps project environment, the beginners are unsure of how to start with this. So, this article focuses on the concept of building a DevOps pipeline by keeping those newbies in mind. Even though this article is not comprehensive about all aspects of the same, it may help to give an overview for the users to start with it and explore more later.
The development of Salesforce involves the management and configuration of the metadata and releasing it. Compared to conventional software development approaches, this is slightly different as it involves only lesser among of code writing. Due to this diverse approach, Salesforce immensely helps the development projects with instant advantages like rapid feedback generation and quick resolution of the SDLC issues.SF DevOps environment for development will include the enterprise teams to instigate continuous feedback loops from the users and customers, which thereby helps to improve the overall quality of applications, IT responsiveness, and business agility.
Salesforce DevOps application development
Agile and lean development methodologies act as the nucleus of any DevOps project. These approaches will let any businesses to effectively develop and quickly deliver applications by using modern practices like Continuous Integration (CI), Continuous Delivery, and Continuous Deployment (CD). Here are the major benefits of SF DevOps approach.
Effective communication and collaboration
Faster feedback loops
Automation of the deployment pipeline
Frequent, ongoing releases, etc.
Building DevOps pipelines
Now, as we know the fundamentals of SF DevOps development environment and its advantages, let us come into our topic of discussion as building DevOps pipelines.
To start with making DevOps pipelines, you need some good CI/CD tools at the first point. The most popular choice is Jenkins, which is an open-source, Java-based tool coming under the MIT License. This is one tool that played a significant role in popularizing the DevOps development approach and has now become a default standard too in CI/CD. Jenkins functions like a magical remote which can interact with various other tools and services as an orchestrator of all. Jenkins is useless as a standalone CI/CD tool, but when it is combined with various tools to integrate them, Jenkins becomes the utmost powerful. Let us explore the other major CI/CD tools too as below.
Apache Gump etc.
Step #2: Source Control Management
Concurrent Versions System (CVS) etc.
Step #3: Automation tools
Maven under Apache 2.0 licensing – Java-based
Bazel under Apache 2.0 license – Java-based
Gradle under Apache 2.0 license – Java-based
Ant under Apache 2.0 license – Java-based
Make under GNU
Rake under MIT – Ruby based
SCons under MIT – Python-based
Cake under MIT – C# based
ASDF under Expat (MIT) – LISP based
Buildr under Apache – Ruby based
A-A-P under GNU – Python-based
BitBake under GPLv2 – Python-based
Cabal under BSD – Haskell based
You can effectively put the configuration files of the build automation tool into the SCM system and get it done by the CI/CD tools.
Step #4: Webserver
Once the above steps are completed, you may have the packaged file in hand, which is deployable. For any such application to function, it is essential to provide an interface or a third-party service and a vessel to host (hold) the application. In the case of web applications, a web server is a host. Application servers offer an ideal environment for the programming logic to deploy and render the interface to the users. In SF DevOps applications, you need to have an HTTP web server and an ideal environment like a virtual machine to install the server. Here are some open-source web app servers to consider.
Tomcat: Apache 2.0: Java-based
Jetty: Apache 2.0: Java-based
Tornado: Apache 2.0: Python-based
Rails: MIT: Ruby-based
Paste: MIT: Python-based
Gunicorn: MIT: Python-based
WildFly: GNU Lesser Public: Java-based
GlassFish: GNU Less Public: Java-based
Django3-Clause: BSD: Python-based
Step #5: Code testing
Code testing is another crucial requirement where the developers should catch bugs in the application at the earliest possible point to improve the code quality. There are many open-source tools for this purpose too, which can be plugged into the CI/CD tools for testing automation.
Junit: Eclipse Public License: Java-based
Mockito: MIT: Java-based
EasyMock: Apache: Java-based
Pytest: MIT: Python-based
PowerMock: Apache 2.0: Java-based
Tox: MIT: Python-based
Hypothesis: Mozilla: Python-based
Along with the above steps, you can also consider the options steps in building your DevOps pipelines as the usage of Containers like Docker and Kubernetes and also the use of middle automation tools like Ansible, SaltStack, Chef, Puppet etc.